58手机网 旅游 呼伦贝尔: 你不可错过的辽阔草原和兴安秋色!

呼伦贝尔: 你不可错过的辽阔草原和兴安秋色!

呼伦贝尔市是全国面积最大的一个地级市,也是“世界上土地管辖面积最大的城市”。呼伦贝尔市境内的呼伦贝尔草原是世界四大草原之一,被称为世界上最好的草原。本世纪初发现呼伦贝尔地下石油资源。呼伦贝尔市总面积26.3万平方公里,相当于山东省与江苏省两省之和。东邻黑龙江省,西、北与蒙古国、俄罗斯相接壤,是中俄蒙三国的交界地带,与俄罗斯、蒙古国有1723公里的边境线,有8个国家级一、二类通商口岸,其中满洲里口岸是全国最大的陆路口岸。

地形特点

呼伦贝尔市西部位于内蒙古高原东北部,北部与南部被大兴安岭南北直贯境内。东部为大兴安岭东麓,东北平原——松嫩平原边缘。地形总体特点为:西高东低。地势分布呈由西到东地势缓慢过渡。

气候特点

呼伦贝尔市气候分布特点以大兴安岭为分界线:

1.从气候类型为:岭东区为季风气候区,岭西区为大陆气候区。

2.从年降水量类型为:岭东区位半湿润性气候,年降水量在500—800mm;岭西区为半干旱性气候,年降水量为300-500mm。

3.年气候总特征为:冬季寒冷干燥,夏季炎热多雨。年温度差、日期温差大。

植被分布特点

植被分布分布由森林向草原过渡,植被的分布依年降水量决定。

岭东地区为半湿润地区多分布为森林(针叶林混交林)——大兴安岭林区。

岭西地区为半干旱地区多分布为半干旱草原——呼伦贝尔草原。

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